European Commission

Regulators Turn Their Attention Towards Apple’s Exploitation of App Developers. Now What?

Congress could level the playing field for independent app developers by looking to regulatory templates in music.

At the Heart of the European Commission’s Investigations of Apple Is a Basic Question: How Should Apple Make Money?

Just like Spotify, Apple has amassed an installed base of users. Spotify sells its users to advertisers while Apple sells its users...

"The Lack of Competition Has Deprived American Workers of $1.25 Trillion of Income"

French economist Thomas Philippon, author of the recent The Great Reversal, explains how Europe got to be better at free markets than the US and how...

Did Facebook and Google “Blackmail” EU Experts to Avoid Discussing Their Market Power?

A new report by the journalist network Investigate Europe claims representatives of Facebook and Google pressured members of an EU working group on fake...

Market Concentration, Regulation, and Europe´s Quest for a New Industrial Policy

Weakening competition policy in Europe risks creating monopolies rather than industrial champions. An interventionist style of industrial policy, one that revolves around picking winners, has...

On the Economics of the Google Android Case

A general challenge facing competition authorities in the digital era is learning how to apply the traditional tools of competition policy in multi-sided platform...

The European Commission Picks a Fight with Google Android over Business Models

UChicago Law’s Randy Picker puzzles over the rationale behind last week’s multibillion-euro fine on Google by the European Commission. While the decision makes a...

Former Italian PM and European Competition Commissioner Mario Monti: Why Antitrust Enforcement Is “More Vigorous" in Europe Than in the US

Why is Europe so much more vigorous than the US when it comes to antitrust enforcement? In an interview with ProMarket, Monti, who served...

Two Views of Exclusion: Why the European Union and the United States Diverged on Google

What accounts for the difference in contemporary EU and US antitrust doctrine? Examined closely, says William E. Kovacic in Chapter 4 of our forthcoming...

LATEST NEWS

Opening the Black Box: The Hidden Costs of Data-Driven Mergers in Health Care

Vertical data-driven mergers between health insurers and drug suppliers may facilitate health insurers’ efforts to discriminate against vulnerable populations, leaving them without...

Most Americans Consider Themselves Middle-Class. But Are They?

There are different ways of determining who should be considered middle-class. But there is one thing they have in common: all reveal...

Barriers to Entry as Another Source of Top Income Inequality

A new book, The Power of Creative Destruction, explores how lobbying contributes to the increase in the top 1 percent’s share of...

ProMarket Reader Survey: We Want Your Feedback

As ProMarket enters its sixth year of operation, we would like to understand what you, our readers, like about it and what...

What Stakeholder Capitalism Can Learn From Jensen and Meckling

Jensen and Meckling’s 1976 article is an academic classic, but heavily criticized by stakeholder capitalists for arguing that corporate structures should be...